J.L. LEMOIGNE proposed to dynamize the black box model (1977, p.99).
From the systemic viewpoint the black box does not merely possess one determinated state. On the contrary it develops a series of successive states, as it possess a diachronic structure. Only by registering large series of behaviors, resulting from a great variety of stimuli, corresponding to very varied global situations, could we discover part or the whole of its internal organization.
This is why LEMOIGNE puts forth the concept of "black engine", which is of course implied in the understanding of the black box model by most cyberneticians and systemists.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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