"A component… whose inhibition results in the failure of the entire system" (R. ROSEN, 1960, p.32).
This definition relates obviously to centralized systems and underlines their main cause of fragility, which can be witnessed in many authoritarian organizations.
However, even in partly decentralized or heterogeneous systems the loss of the central component of critical subsystems may provoke the demise of the whole system, as for example the disabling of the brain, heart or (both) kidneys in a biological system.
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To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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