1) Trace left in the brain by a past event (French Robert Dictionary)
2) The neurological change in the brain that occurs during the process of memory creation (J. BRYANT, 1991, p. 114)
The American Heritage Dictionary (Amer. Her. Dict.) defines the engram as "a persistent protoplasmic alteration hypothesized to occur on stimulation of living neural tissue and to account for memory"
Interestingly BRYANT comments that: "… since the histological details of most human brains vary among one another in many ways which are not due to learning, it seems likely that the engram which represents a certain bit of information in one individual may be quite different from the engram that represents the same bit of information in some other individual. Thus if two people have knowledge of the "same fact", we should not therefore assume that they possess identical engrams, but rather that there exists a specific correspondence between certain neural networks of the two brains" (p. 114) Let us hope so!
- 1) General information
- 2) Methodology or model
- 3) Epistemology, ontology and semantics
- 4) Human sciences
- 5) Discipline oriented
To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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