One of two ridges along each lateral ventricle of the brain.
Hippocampus is a part of the limbic system, which is the seat of emotions and manages them. It is essential for the creation of long-term memory through the establishment of so called mental maps. It has been observed that the taxi-drivers in a great city have a particular development of the hippocampus. On the contrary, damage to the hippocampus leads to considerable spatial desorientation. It also impairs the acquisition of short-term memory.
It seems moreover that the passage from short-term to long-term memory is obtained by "replays" by the hippocampus (also during sleep) that finally "etch" the lived experiences deeper into the cortex (Rita CARTER, 1998)
The hippocampus is the bio-physiological structure basically responsable for the implicit memory, called "retention" by HUSSERL, that allows us to understand as integrated whole a sonata, for instance, or any other phenomenon extended in time.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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