The time lag "caused by the actual functioning of the components" (R. ROSEN, 1966, p.39).
R. ROSEN distinguishes operation lags from transport or other lags, which results of delays in the transmission of effects between components or subsystems.
He explains that: "If a component produces more than one output, then each of its outputs will have its own operation lag, Further, in the most general case, the time required for a component to produce an input depends on the particular input materials with which the component was supplied" (Ibid).
Like any time lag, the operation lags introduce heterogenity in space and time into the system, This can be damaging or, on the contrary, useful for its coherence.
Different operation lags normally introduce a certain indeterminism into the system.
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Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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