The condition of a system whose already acquired characteristics makes it fit to respond satisfactorily to new future conditions.
In a narrow sense, the concept is nearly tautological, i.e. when future conditions are a normal result of the present ones, as for example in the progress of a biochemical reaction (ROSEN, 1991 a, p.544).
In a broader sense, a system endowed with much variety may be preadapted to some variations in its enviroment that are of a completely new type.
The concept remains however fuzzy: Can it be said that the anopheles mosquitoes that became resistant to various insecticides were "preadapted", or possibly possessed a "potential for adaptation", whatever this may mean?
M. BUNGE introduces the curious concept of premaladaptation (1979, p.104): In this case the mosquitoes killed by insecticides would have been "premaladapted" (also somehow a tautology!)
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To cite this page, please use the following information:
Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science (2020). Title of the entry. In Charles François (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Systems and Cybernetics (2). Retrieved from www.systemspedia.org/[full/url]
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